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# Combined Loan-to-Value (CLTV) Ratio Definition And Formula

Published: October 29, 2023

Learn the definition and formula of Combined Loan-to-Value (CLTV) Ratio in finance. Find out how to calculate this important metric.

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## Understanding Combined Loan-to-Value (CLTV) Ratio: Definition and Formula

Welcome to our Finance category where we delve into various financial terms and concepts. Today, we’re going to explore the concept of Combined Loan-to-Value (CLTV) ratio. If you’re wondering what CLTV ratio is and how it works, you’re in the right place. In this blog post, we’ll define CLTV ratio, discuss its importance, and provide you with the formula to calculate it.

## Key Takeaways:

- Combined Loan-to-Value (CLTV) ratio is expressed as a percentage and is used by lenders to assess the risk of providing a loan.
- CLTV ratio takes into account the total amount of outstanding loan balances on a property in relation to its value.

When you’re applying for a loan, such as a mortgage or a home equity line of credit (HELOC), the lender wants to gauge the risk associated with lending you the funds. This is where the CLTV ratio comes into play. The CLTV ratio is a financial metric used by lenders to determine the level of risk in granting a loan while considering the total amount of outstanding loan balances relative to the value of the property.

Calculating the CLTV ratio is relatively straightforward. To determine the CLTV ratio, follow this simple formula:

**CLTV Ratio = (Sum of All Loan Balances / Property Value) x 100%**

For example, let’s say you have a property valued at $300,000 and there are two outstanding loans on that property—one with a balance of $150,000 and another with a balance of $50,000. To calculate the CLTV ratio, you would add the loan balances and divide by the property value:

CLTV Ratio = ($150,000 + $50,000) / $300,000 x 100% = 66.67%

Now, you might wonder why lenders care so much about the CLTV ratio. The reason is simple—it helps them assess the risk associated with the loan. A higher CLTV ratio indicates a higher risk for the lender, as it suggests there are higher loan balances relative to the property value, making it potentially harder for the borrower to handle the debt.

Here are a few important points to keep in mind about CLTV ratio:

- A lower CLTV ratio indicates a lower risk for the lender.
- Lenders typically have maximum CLTV ratio limits they are willing to accept for different types of loans.
- A higher CLTV ratio may result in the requirement of mortgage insurance or a higher interest rate.
- When borrowers have a lower CLTV ratio, they may be eligible for better loan terms and lower interest rates.

It’s essential to understand the CLTV ratio when you’re considering a loan application. By knowing how lenders assess risk and determine loan eligibility, you can take proactive steps to improve your CLTV ratio before applying for a loan.

Remember, the CLTV ratio plays a significant role in loan approvals and terms. By being aware of this metric and working towards maintaining a favorable ratio, you can potentially increase your chances of getting approved for a loan on favorable terms. We hope this blog post has helped shed light on the importance and calculation of the Combined Loan-to-Value ratio.