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# Accounting Rate Of Return (ARR): Definition, How To Calculate, And Example

Published: September 27, 2023

Learn about the Accounting Rate of Return (ARR) in finance. Understand how to calculate ARR and see an example for better comprehension.

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## Accounting Rate of Return (ARR): Definition, How to Calculate, and Example

Are you looking for an effective financial metric to evaluate the profitability of an investment? Look no further than the Accounting Rate of Return (ARR). In this blog post, we will delve into the definition of ARR, explore how to calculate it, and provide an illustrative example. By the end, you will have a clear understanding of how this metric can help you make informed financial decisions.

## Key Takeaways:

- Accounting Rate of Return (ARR) is a financial metric used to measure the profitability of an investment over its lifespan.
- The formula to calculate ARR is: Average Annual Profit ÷ Initial Investment × 100%.

## What is Accounting Rate of Return (ARR)?

The Accounting Rate of Return (ARR) is a financial metric that assesses the profitability of an investment project or business venture. It measures the average annual profit generated by the investment as a percentage of the initial investment. ARR is commonly used to evaluate the attractiveness of potential investment opportunities and compare them against other projects.

## How to Calculate Accounting Rate of Return?

The calculation of ARR involves two key components: average annual profit and initial investment. To calculate ARR, follow these steps:

- Determine the average annual profit generated by the investment. This is typically the net profit after taxes and depreciation, divided by the lifespan of the investment.
- Calculate the initial investment, which includes all costs incurred to acquire and set up the investment.
- Divide the average annual profit by the initial investment.
- Multiply the result by 100% to express the ARR as a percentage.

Using the ARR formula, you can easily evaluate the profitability of an investment and make data-driven financial decisions.

## Example of Accounting Rate of Return

Let’s consider an example to better understand how ARR works. ABC Company is evaluating an investment in a new manufacturing machine. The machine costs $500,000, and it is expected to generate an average annual profit of $80,000 over its lifespan of 5 years.

To calculate the ARR:

- Calculate the average annual profit: $80,000.
- Calculate the initial investment: $500,000.
- Divide the average annual profit ($80,000) by the initial investment ($500,000): 80,000 ÷ 500,000 = 0.16.
- Multiply the result by 100% to express the ARR as a percentage: 0.16 × 100% = 16%.

The ARR for ABC Company’s investment in the new manufacturing machine is 16%. This indicates that the investment is expected to generate a return of 16% per year on average over its lifespan.

## Conclusion

The Accounting Rate of Return (ARR) is a valuable financial metric that helps assess the profitability of investments. With its straightforward calculation and clear percentage expression, ARR provides investors and financial analysts with a useful tool to evaluate the attractiveness of investment opportunities. By considering the ARR along with other financial metrics, businesses can make informed decisions and allocate their resources wisely.

So, the next time you encounter an investment worth considering, don’t forget to calculate its ARR to help you gain a deeper understanding of its potential returns.